Phareodus testis, Museum quality unrestored specimen
Eocene (52.3 Million Years Ago)
Green River Formation, Wyoming, USA
In Stone Fossils Private Quarry
Plate size approx: 8.5" x 8.75"
Phareodus size approx: 6.5"
This Phareodus testis, smaller than it's Phareodus encaustus counterpart, was a predator in ancient Fossil Lake. Featuring pointy teeth a long pectoral fin.
This specimen was so well preserved, no restorative practices were necessary and was left exactly the way it was found after a fine layer of matrix was removed by microscopic preparation.
Bony-Tongue Fish - 2 Species Identified: Phareodus encaustus & Phareodus testisOrder Osteoglossiformes, Family Osteoglossidae
Living members of the Osteoglossidae family:
- include 10 modern species
- live exclusively in tropical freshwaters
- found in South America, Africa, Asia, and Australia
- mouth-brooders (parents hold eggs and hatchlings in their mouths)
- adult specimens usually found alone, but juveniles known from mass mortalities
- indicates that Phareodus schooled as a juvenile and became solitary as an adult
- often preserved with smaller fish in their jaws and stomach, indicating they were predators
- rearward oriented fins on back and underside, adaptation for speed
- large, sharp teeth
- max known size of P. encaustus: 30 inches
- max known size of P. testis: 20 inches